The Via Dolorosa Jerusalem (Way of the Cross) Starting at St. Stephen's (Lion's Gate) Gate in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, this is the route Jesus is said to have followed as he carried the Cross to his crucifixion.
Many Christians recognize a traditional route along which they believe Jesus was led from judgment before Pontius Pilate to Calvary, and mark seven - or fourteen, according to a different traditions - stations - where particular events occurred, each station marked by a special plaque. The route begins at the Ecce Homo arch (Latin for - This is the man-), so named because it was believed that here, on an ancient pavement, Pilate sat in judgment. (this location is now regarded as unlikely; Pontius Pilate was probably in residence at the site of the present Citadel).
The stages of Jesus' last walk and the events that took place on the way to the crucifixion are indicated by Fourteen stations of the Cross.
Pilgrims proceed through neighboring narrow streets, until they reach the final station, inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, help by both tradition and scholarship to be the authentic site of Jesus' crucifixion and entombment.
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The exterior of the Chapel of Simon of Cyrene, at the fifth station on the Via Dolorosa Jerusalem
Sign along Via Dolorosa, Jerusalem.
There are fourteen stations along Christendom's most sacred route - each one marks an event that took place during the last walk before the Crucifixion. Nine of these points are actually along the Via Dolorosa, and five are inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
First Station - Christ is condemned to death.
The First Station is near the Monastery of the Flagellation, where Jesus was questioned by Pilate and then condemned. Today, the First Station is in the courtyard of the AL-Omariya School.
Second Station - Jesus takes up the Cross.
The Second Station is near the remains of an ancient Roman construction known as the Arch of Ecce Homo, in memory of the words pronounced by Pilate as he showed Jesus to the crowd. The Franciscan Chapel of the Flagellation and Chapel of Condemnation commemorate the sites where Jesus was scourged and given the Cross to bear.
Third Station - Jesus falls for the first time.
An Armenian Catholic Chapel marks the spot where Jesus fell for the first time.
"the comforter that should relieve my soul is far from me" (lamentations 1:16)
4th Station - Jesus Meets his mother
The Armenian Church of Our Lady of the Spasm Marks the spot where Jesus, carrying the cross, was met by His mother - the Virgin Mary.
5th Station - The Cyrenian helps Jesus carry the cross.
The Fifth Station is commemorated by a Franciscan Chapel. Here the Way of the Cross begins the ascent to Golgotha.
6th Station - Veronica wipes His sweat away.
A church belonging to the Greek Catholics preserves the memory of the meeting between Jesus and Veronica, whose tomb may also be seen here.
7th Station - He falls for the second time.
Marked by a pillar, which rises at the cross roads between the Via Dolorosa and the picturesque and lively Market Street.
8th Station He consoles the women of the city.
On the outer wall of a Greek Orthodox monastery is carved a small cross blackened by time.
9th Station - He falls for the third time
Commemorated by a column of the Roman period at the entrance to the Coptic monastery.
10th- 13th Stations
He is nailed to the Cross, He dies and He is taken down from the Cross.
The last five Stations of the Cross are situated inside the Holy Sepulcher.
The Holy Sepulchre.
The name of "Via Dolorosa" (or "Via Crucis") is relatively recent; it dates from the sixteenth century, when a name was sought for the stretch of road, between the fortress Antonia and Golgotha, along which Christ walked bowed under the weight of the Cross. The present route, however, is somewhat different from the one Jesus walked. Of the fortress Antonia, for example, where Christ was judged before Pilate and where Herod the Great had his residence, only a few scraps of paving remain. This building, which stood near the Northwest corner of the Temple, was the starting-point for Jesus' painful walk toward Golgotha (Calvary), which at that time was outside the walls of the city. Every Friday afternoon the Franciscans lead a pious procession winding through the streets that witnessed Christ's suffering.
Via Dolorosa Jerusalem Name
Via Dolorosa Video
This is continuing the walk through the Old City in the Moslem and Christian quarters of east Jerusalem.
This part takes in part of the via Dolorosa including the second, sixth and eighth stations of the cross, the church built on the site where Jesus was whipped and parts of the market which seems to be everywhere.
We walk out of the city via the Lion Gate - the place where Israeli paratroopers entered Jerusalem in June 1967. There is also a little story about Suleman the magnificent and how he repented of his high taxation policies and chose to do something for the inhabitants himself.
Via Dolorosa Jerusalem The Stations of the Cross
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